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Type 2 diabetes: results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. (Formerly referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM for short, and adult-onset diabetes.)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diabetes_mellitus_type_2

Genes significantly associated with developing type 2 diabetes, include TCF7L2, PPARG, FTO, KCNJ11, NOTCH2, WFS1, CDKAL1, IGF2BP2, SLC30A8, JAZF1, and HHEX.

Management of type 2 diabetes focuses on lifestyle interventions, lowering other cardiovascular risk factors, and maintaining blood glucose levels in the normal range.

Lifestyle
Aerobic exercise is beneficial in diabetes with the greater the amount of exercise the better the results.[43] It leads to a decrease in HbA1C, improved insulin resistance, and a better V02 max.[43] Resistance training is also useful and the combination of both types of exercise may be most effective.[43] A diabetic diet that promotes weight lose is important.[44] While the best diet type to achieve this is controversial[44] a low glycemic index diet has been found to improve blood sugar control.[45] Culturally appropriate education may help people with type 2 diabetes control their blood sugar levels, for up to six months at least.[46] .

 

Diabetic diet
There is much controversy regarding what diet to recommend to sufferers of diabetes mellitus. The diet most often recommended is high in dietary fiber, especially soluble fiber, but low in fat (especially saturated fat). Recommendations of the fraction of total calories to be obtained from carbohydrate intake range from 1/6 to 75% – a 2006 review found recommendations varying from 40 to 65%.[1] Patients may be encouraged to reduce their intake of carbohydrates that have a high glycemic index (GI), although this is also controversial.[2] (In cases of hypoglycemia, they are advised to have food or drink that can raise blood glucose quickly, followed by a long-acting carbohydrate (such as rye bread) to prevent risk of further hypoglycemia.) But others question the usefulness of the glycemic index and recommend high-GI foods like potatoes and rice.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diabetic_diet

Diabetes Friendly Food
Living with diabetes can be a challenge, but these tasty recipes make it easier

 

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